022014

Log File Change Script Andrew Mallett | Updated February 2014

This versatile script tests for increases in a file's size. I wrote it as a way to monitor an Apache web server's access log, which grows when a web page is viewed. It can be used to monitor any log file which increases in size when its application is accessed.

The script runs every five minutes as a cron job (hence full paths are used) and utilises a nifty utility called sendEmail to send an administrative alert..

cd /usr/local/apache/logs

/usr/bin/stat -s access_log | cut -d" " -f8 | cut -c9-20 > new_size   

 if [ $(more new_size) -gt $(more prev_size) ]; then
 /sc/apache/emailapacheused.sh
 else
 echo
 fi

rm prev_size

mv new_size prev_size

The second line uses the stat command and cuts out all characters except the file size of the apache access_log file and then outputs this to a new file called new_size

On the third line, the script compares a newly-created new_size file to the previous prev_size file, to see if it is bigger.

If the newer file is larger in size, then line four sends an administrative alert email using a second script, emailapacheused.sh

If the file size hasn't changed then it simply echoes nothing.

The older prev_size file is deleted and finally the script renames (moves) the new_size file to prev_size and is ready to run again.

Note that before the script runs for the first time, be sure to create an original prev_size file for new_size to be compared to. This can be achieved, by running the second line of the script manually and outputting it to /usr/local/apache/logs/prev_size.

The code can easily be modified to monitor anything that a command like stat can tell you about a file.

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